In Springer LNCS Proceedings: Frontiers of High Performance Computing and Networking - ISPA 2006 Workshops. Sorrento, Italy, December, 2006. ISBN 978-3-540-49860-5
The simulation is useful to support the design and performance evaluation of complex systems, possibly composed by a massive number of interacting entities. For this reason, the simulation of such systems may need aggregate computation and memory resources obtained by clusters of parallel and distributed execution units. Shared computer clusters composed of available Commercial-Off-the-Shelf hardware are preferable to dedicated systems, mainly for cost reasons. The performance of distributed simulations is influenced by the heterogeneity of execution units and by their respective CPU load in background. Adaptive load balancing mechanisms could improve the resources utilization and the simulation process execution, by dynamically tuning the simulation load with an eye to the synchronization and communication overheads reduction. In this work it will be presented the GAIA+ framework: a new load balancing mechanism for distributed simulation. The framework has been evaluated by performing testbed simulations of a wireless ad hoc network model. Results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed solutions.